Rosenkrans, Wayne A., Jr. Personalized Medicine Coalition, Washington, DC.
Last reviewed:May 2019
Show previous versions
- Approach and use
- Clinical applications
- Shift the emphasis in medicine from reaction to prevention
- Select optimal therapy
- Make drugs safer
- Increase patient compliance with treatment
- Reduce time, cost, and failure rate of clinical trials
- Reduce the cost of health care
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
A medical treatment approach that is customized to an individual patient's characteristics. Personalized medicine, also termed precision medicine or individualized medicine, may be considered an extension of traditional approaches to understanding and treating disease. Physicians have always used observable evidence to make a diagnosis or prescribe a treatment tailored to each individual patient. In the modern conception of personalized medicine, the tools provided to the physician are more precise, probing not just the visually obvious, such as a tumor on a mammogram or the appearance of cells under a microscope, but the very genetic makeup of each patient (Fig. 1). A profile of a patient's genetic variation can guide the selection of drugs or treatment protocols that minimize harmful side effects or ensure a more successful outcome. It also can indicate susceptibility to certain diseases before they become manifest, allowing the physician and the patient to set out a plan for monitoring and prevention. See also: Clinical pathology; Disease; Genetics; Genomics; Medical information systems; Medicine; Polymorphism (genetics)
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Its dedicated editorial team is led by Sagan Award winner John Rennie. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 39 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 17,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information